The Archaeological Museum is the newest unit of the National Museum of Montenegro. Thanks to the Programme of the protection and preservation of cultural heritage of the Montenegrin Ministry of Culture from 2012 to 2016 the Archaeological Museum conducted archaeological and conservation research within the project “The Roads of Continuity”.

The five-year project “The Roads of Continuity” encompassed the following:
– Investigation of prehistoric sites;
– Investigation of ancient sites;
– Investigation of early mediaeval and mediaeval fortifications from the 6th to the 15th century.

The five-year archaeological and conservation research activities were aimed at collecting the archaeological material for the Archaeological Museum of Montenegro. The new insights into the investigated archaeological sites will serve as a basis for defining the continuity of life and the process of settlement in the territory of Montenegro, from prehistoric times to the present day. Targeted research into the well-known and highly significant archaeological sites has produced scientific findings from various periods in history, upgrading archaeological and conservation investigations and the protection of Montenegrin cultural heritage. During the archaeological research, a rich movable archaeological material was discovered, serving as a basis for the formation of the museum collection used for the preparation of the permanent exhibition of the Archaeological Museum of Montenegro.

In 2012, in the courtyard of Njegoš’s Museum, a Lapidarium was opened as an integral part of the Archaeological Museum. Its main purpose is to provide space where representative examples of decorative stone pieces from all major archaeological sites in Montenegro will be put on display. Currently, the Lapidarium displays eleven standing tombstones (stećci), originally from Nikšić Municipality and the area of Pljevlja.